Inequalities in China : Empirical and Experimental Approaches
CNRS - Beijing Normal University - Université Lyon 2 - Université Jean Monnet - ENS de Lyon - Université Lyon 1
The International Associated Laboratory (Laboratoire International Associé – LIA) CHINEQ “Inequalities in China : Empirical and Experimental Approaches” has been established in 2014 for a duration of 4 years. It is built upon a strong collaboration in research and training between the Groupe d’Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE Lyon Saint-Etienne, UMR CNRS 5824) and the School of Business (SEBA) at Beijing Normal University. The objective of the LIA is to reinforce the existing cooperation between the two teams and to promote new research and training activities in the field of economic inequalities.
Scientific responsibility and management of the LIA are assumed jointly by Sylvie Démurger, Directrice de Recherche at CNRS and Shi Li, Professor at Beijing Normal University.
The objective of the LIA is to promote the development of joint research projects on the dynamics of inequalities in China. The scientific program of the LIA aims at providing innovative perspectives on issues related to the production and the transmission of inequalities by exploring different dimensions of inequality and highlighting the heterogeneity between population groups.
Four complementary research programs will be conducted within the LIA, each focusing on a specific dimension of inequality and intergroup heterogeneity :
The scientific cooperation between the GATE Lyon Saint-Etienne and SEBA is organized along 4 main activities :
The creation of the LIA is rooted in long-term relationships established between individual researchers from GATE Lyon Saint-Etienne and from SEBA since the early 2000s. Based on this fruitful collaboration, they initiated enlarged collaborations in both research and training at doctoral level between the two institutions in the domains of labour economics and experimental economics, a field in which GATE Lyon Saint-Etienne has a strong international recognition. Various exchanges of researchers between 2007 and 2009 have led to the inauguration of a Joint Experimental Laboratory between SEBA and GATE at Beijing Normal University in May 2009.
A new phase in the formal collaboration between the two institutions started in 2011, when the CNRS supported their joint research program on the study of incentives, individual choices and social outcomes through an International Project for Scientific Cooperation (PICS) for the period 2011-2013. The research activities carried out under the PICS aimed at developing new approaches to study the formation of individual decision-making and its implication in the labour market, with a specific focus on China. The specificity of the approach is to combine observational data (micro-economic surveys) and experimental data (laboratory experiments). The research cooperation has been very successful and has resulted in applied work on the evolution of the segmentation of the urban labour market, incentives and constraints on migration choices, the impact of internal migration on communities of origin and destination cities, attitudes towards risk and inequality, the role of emotions in economic choice, or the performance of college admission mechanisms. Part of these works has been published in international scientific journals.
Activities undertaken within the PICS and the LIA are detailed below.
Europe-China Collaborative Research Project MARCO_P "Migration and the Reshaping of Consumption Patterns".
The project aims at investigating how migration reshapes the consumption patterns of migrants and other individuals indirectly affected by migration, with particular attention to implications in terms of consumption inequality. Our focus is on both the Great Migration in China and the Chinese diaspora in the EU. While there is a wealth of studies analysing the consequences of migration on labour market outcomes, systematic evidence is missing on how consumption, consumption behaviour and consumption inequality are affected by migration. We aim at filling this gap by answering the following three research questions : a) What is the impact of the Great Migration on consumption patterns ? b) What are the relationships between institutions, population change and consumption behaviour ? c) Does migration lead to the transfer of consumption norms ?
Work in progress
SEBA-GATE workshop 2014 (Shanghai)
SEBA-GATE workshop 2013 (Lyon)
SEBA-GATE workshop 2012 (Chengde)
SEBA-GATE workshop 2011 (Lyon)
SEBA-GATE workshop 2010 (Pékin)